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Huguenots in the Poingdestre Linage
The Huguenots were French Protestants who were members of the Reformed Church established in France by John Calvin in about 1555, and who, due to religious persecution, were forced to flee France to other countries in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. ( 4 )
Elizabeth Effard (b. 1597) and Thomas Poingdestre, are the parents of our immigrant George Poindexter. Elizabeth was the granddaughter on her mother's side of a refugee Huguenot Priest who had served in Ste-Mère Église in Normandy. ( 1 )
The Effards of Guernsey:
Elizabeth's father was Rev. Nicholas Effard (1563-1638) and served the church in Guernsey prior to arriving to serve at St. Saviour in Jersey. ( 3 ) Nicholas' father was Jean Effard (a Jurat for the Court in Guernsey) and he mother was Elizabeth Perrin. ( 7 ) Elizabeth's brother Pierre (Peter) went to Virginia, possibly with George Poindexter. ( 2 )
Rev. Nicholas Effard (1563-1638), who became Rector of St. Saviour on 25 March 1586 after serving as a minister on Guernsey. He has an interesting history that includes successful collection of past tithes owed to the church in Guernsey for colts, calves and lambs. In 1613 he was one of the ministers to appear to the Privy Council to defend the existing Prebyterian form of church government. He and his fellow ministers lost the arguement and the Anglican form of government was reestablished. ( 3 )
The Chaumont's or Caumonts of le Manche District of Normandy:
Elizabeth's mother was Sarah de Caumont or Caumont (b. 1570). Sarah's father was Rev. Pierre de Chaumont (b. 1544). We do not know his wife's name. Pierre was a Huguenot minister, raising his daughter the same. ( 1 ) ( 2 ) He was either serving his religion in Ste. Mere Eglise or Ste. Marie du Mont. The two are less than 10 miles apart near the northern coast of Normandy in the Manche Department (or district). At this time we two sources that disagree on which village.
Were the Poingdestre's Huguenots?
The family existed in Jersey and belonged to St. Saviour's Parish for many centuries and before the protestant reformation of the English church, and before the Huguenot movement began, since at least the mid-1300s with Jean Poingdestre (1367-68 Jurat of Royal Jersey Court). The family, following the changes of the Jersey churches from Roman Catholic to Anglican in the 1500's, would also have moved to the Anglican church. ( 5 )
We do know that immigrant George was a vestryman at Bruton Church (Episcapelian or American branch of the Church of England) in Williamsburg, VA. There is a plaque on the south wall inside the church, west nave, that lists the founding vestrymen. George is listed on this plaque. Therefore, George was probably not a Huguenot but was a protestant Anglican. He had many Huguenot friends, according to research by Doris Lucas. ( 6 ) Doris reported that George had been registered as a Huguenot by a Poindexter researcher a number of years ago, but she understands that had been rescinded by the National Huguenot Society. ( 4 )
So you decide. Are the Poingdestre's Huguenots? Very likely not. Do we descend from a Huguenot? Probably, as research indicates we do descend from Pierre Caumont, who was a Huguenot minister.
More will be added as readers forward additional material to the webmaster.
Examples of research showing records where the family is said to be Huguenots.
Date: Tue, 30 May 2000 09:00:23 -0700 From: "WILLIAM POINDEXTER" To: POINDEXTER-L@rootsweb.com Subject: [POINDEXTER-L] from Ancestry.com Search Results Database: Full Context of Virginia Biographical Encyclopedia Combined Matches: Previous Page Next Page Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume II VIII--Prominent Persons son of Thomas Poindexter, born in Louisa county, Virginia, in 1799, of Huguenot descent, was early orphaned, and became a lawyer. In 1802 he removed to Mississippi territory, and became a leader of the Jefferson party. He was appointed attorney-general of the territory in 1803, and conducted the prosecution of Aaron Burr. His violent denunciations of the Federalists resulted in a challenge from Abijah Hunt, whom he killed in the duel that ensued. He was elected to the legislature in 1805, and in 1807 was a delegate to congress, serving until 1813, when he was appointed United States judge for the territory of Mississippi, and he so administered the law as to settle many conflicting land grant titles, and repress the criminal classes. He aided in the preparations for the war of 1812, and joined Gen. Jackson, to whom he served as an aide at the battle of New Orleans. In the Mississippi constitutional convention of 1817 he was chairman of the committee to draft a state constitution, and when Mississippi was received into the Union, he was its first representative in congress, and proved an able defender of President Jackson. After serving one term in congress, he was elected governor of Mississippi, and, under authority of the legislature, he completed and published the "Revised Code of the Laws of Mississippi," (Natchez, 1824). In 1821 he returned to the bar, and continued practice until 1830, when he was appointed to the United States senate to fill a vacancy, then being elected, and serving until 1835. During his senatorial service, became estranged from Jackson, occupying ground midway between Clay and Calhoun, but leaning towards the latter. He strenuously opposed the appointment of the president's personal friends to office in Mississippi, and voted for Clay's resolution of censure. In 1835 he located in Louisville, Kentucky, but subsequently returned to Mississippi, and died at Jackson, that state, September 5, 1853. Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume II VIII--Prominent Persons
Date: Wed, 1 Aug 2001 06:52:12 -0700 From: "BILL POINDEXTER" To: POINDEXTER-L@rootsweb.com Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: [POINDEXTER-L] Benjamin Haley Poindexter Content-Type: text/plain; charset="Windows-1252" MIME-Version: 1.0 Just in case some may not have seen this. #6065: HISTORY OF KENTUCKY AND KENTUCKIANS, E. Polk Johnson, three volumes, Lewis Publishing Co., New York & Chicago, 1912. Common version, Vol. III, pp. 1197-98. [Jefferson County] BENJAMIN HALEY POINDEXTER--The lineage of the subject of this review, who is secretary of the Southern National Life Insurance Company of Louisville, bespeaks long and prominent identification with the annals of American history, many representatives of the name showing that intrinsic loyalty and patriotism which led them to take an active part in the great conflict between the states, and others figuring conspicuously in the great questions of the day as represented in political warfare. Mr. Poindexter has an exceptionally fine ancestry, which is always a good beginning for any one, and a slight diversion in order to place a short sketch before the reader will not prove uninteresting and will show the stock from which Mr. Poindexter came and demonstrate some of the characteristics which often descent from one generation to another. The Poindexters are of French Huguenot stock, who left France upon the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, going thence to the Isle of Jersey, where some of the family still live, thence coming to the new world, settling in Louisa county, Virginia. Among the members of the family to become prominent in the United States are: United States Senator Poindexter, from Mississippi, who was born in Louisa county, Virginia; Colonel John A. Poindexter (an uncle of Benjamin H.), who served as a colonel in the war with Mexico under his personal friend, General Price, and who went to Missouri upon the breaking out of the war between the states to join General Price, and fought all through the war in Southern army as a colonel on General Price's staff, dying a few years after the war closed. He became prominent in Missouri politics and at the time of his death was a prospective candidate for the Democratic nomination for governor. The Hon. Miles Poindexter, at present a member of Congress from the state of Washington and an "Insurgent" candidate for the United States Senate, is a cousin to our subject. All the Poindexters still bear the French Huguenot type of features and many characteristics, thus showing the strong and persistent personality of the progenitors. So far as the record at hand shows the original Virginia Poindexter settler was John, the father of David, and the grandfather of our subject, and the original Kentucky settler, David Poindexter, was born in Louisa county, Virginia, and there married Elizabeth Watts, of the old Virginia family of that name. Coming to Kentucky, he settled in Stamping Ground, where he lived the remainder of his days. He was engaged in the tanning business at Stamping Ground for many years, and also owned an interest in a Louisville tannery. The father of our subject is Richard Mentor Johnson Poindexter, who was born on the old homestead at Stamping Ground on June 30, 1833, and is still living. He was engaged in merchandising at Stamping Ground for many years, but for ten years has been retired from active business. He married Martha Jane Haley, who was born in Fayette county, Kentucky, the daughter of Benjamin Haley, a native of Kentucky, born of Virginia parents. Her brother, the Rev. T. P. Haley, has for many years been a minister of the Christian church, was at one time pastor of the Broadway Christian church at Louisville, was pastor of a St. Louis, Missouri, church and is now honorary pastor of Haley's Memorial Christian church, named on his honor, at Kansas City, Missouri. He married Mary McGarvey, sister to the Rev. McGarvey, for many years president of the Bible College at Lexington, Kentucky. Another brother of Mrs. Poindexter's, the Rev. Henry H. Haley, deceased, was a leading minister of the Christian Church. Benjamin H. Poindexter was reared on the old Poindexter homestead at Stamping Ground, Scott county. He received his education at Georgetown (Kentucky) College and in 1878 went to Missouri, where for five years he was engaged in lead mining, and where he still holds important mining interests. Returning to Kentucky, he settled in Hawesville, where in 1890 he was elected county clerk of Hancock county, serving five years. During that period he organized the Bank of Lewisport, remaining the cashier of the same for five years. He then organized and was one of the incorporators of the Mechanic's Bank and Trust Company of Owensboro, becoming cashier of the institution and so continued until 1908, when he resigned to accept the secretaryship of the Southern National Life Insurance Company and removed to Louisville. Mr. Poindexter married Emma Mason Barron, who was born in Owensboro, Kentucky, the daughter of Thomas Mason Barron and the great-great-granddaughter of George Mason of Gunston Hall, Virginia, the adjoining plantation to Mt. Vernon, Washington estate, on the Potomac. He was the author of the Virginia Bill of Rights, and was conspicuous in the framing of the American Constitution. He received grants from Virginia for large tracts of Kentucky lands, and a tract of ten thousand acres lying in Daviess county was among them. The warrant for these lands is still held by the family, and while much of the land has passed into other hands the Mason claim is still valid and no deed has ever been, or can be made, to them without consent of the Mason heirs. Upon this tract of Daviess county land, Thomas Mason Barron settled at an early date, coming from Virginia and bringing his family and stores, making the entire trip in carriages. Mrs. Poindexter, through her descent from George Mason, is a member of the Daughters of the Revolution, in which she is active, having been twice a delegate to the national meetings and served on different committees. Mr. Poindexter takes an active interest in the Masonic Order and is a member of the Owensboro Loges, No. 303, F. & A. M., Owensboro Chapter, R.A.M., Owensboro Commandery, K.T., and Kosair Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. In person, in talents and in character Mr. Poindexter is a worthy of his race, and he has attained to distinction in various lines of life, which is indicative of great mental breadth and superior business qualifications.
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